J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2001, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 359-363.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development of Wheat-alien Lines with Added Leymus racemosus Chromosomes and 6VS/6AL Translocation Chromosomes

CHEN Fa-Di, CHEN Pei-Du, WANG Su-Ling   

Abstract:

By chromosome C-banding and bi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using digoxigenin-labelled total genomic DNA of Leymus racemosus (Lam.) Tzvel. and biotinylated total genomic DNA of Haynaldia villosa (L.) Schur as probes, three wheat-alien lines with L. racemosus Lr.7 addition and H. villosa 6VS/6AL translocated chromosomes, and eight lines with L. racemosus Lr.14 addition and H.villosa 6VS/6AL translocated chromosomes were respectively identified from DALr.7×T6VS/6AL (93G51-4×P64) and DALr.14×T6VS/6AL (94G15×P64)F2 or F3 hybrids. Fluorescein-isothiocyanate-conjugated avidin and rhodamine-conjugated sheep anti-digoxigenin Fab fragment were used in bi-color FISH detection. The chromosomes of L.racemosus and 6VS fragment of H. villosa were simultaneously detected by their red and green fluorescence. Powdery mildew and scab resistance were also evaluated. The result showed that the obtained plants had high resistance to these two diseases. The potential usage of bi-color FISH in identifying chromatin of L.racemosus and H.villosa was discussed.

普通小麦-大赖草-簇毛麦异附加、易位系的选育和鉴定
陈发棣 陈佩度* 王苏玲
(南京农业大学农业部作物细胞遗传重点开放实验室,南京210095)

摘要:利用根尖细胞(RTC)有丝分裂中期染色体和花粉母细胞减数分裂中期Ⅰ(PMCMⅠ)染色体C分带和以生物素标记的簇毛麦基因组DNA及以地高辛标记的大赖草基因组DNA为探针的双色荧光原位杂交(bi-colorFISH),从DALr.7×T6VS/6AL(93G51-4×P64)F 2和F3群体中筛选出3株普通小麦(Triticum aestivum L.)-大赖草(Leymus racemosus (Lam.) Tzvel.)Lr.7二体附加、普通小麦-簇毛麦(Haynaldia villosa (L.)Schur)6VS/6AL易位系;从DALr.14×T6VS/6AL(94G15×P64)F2和F3群体中选出8株普通小麦-大赖草Lr.14二体附加、普通小麦-簇毛麦6VS/6AL易位系。通过温室白粉病抗性鉴定和单花滴注赤霉病抗性鉴定,结果表明:所选育的普通小麦-大赖草-簇毛麦异附加、易位系对白粉病表现免疫,对赤霉病有较高抗性。还对利用双色FISH鉴定大赖草和簇毛麦染色质的某些技术问题进行了讨论。

关键词: 小麦;大赖草;簇毛麦;易位系;异附加系;双色荧光原位杂交;白粉病抗性;赤霉病抗性

Key words: common wheat, Leymus racemosus , Haynaldia villosa , translocation lines, alien addition lines, bi-color FISH, powdery mildew resistance, scab resistance

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