J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1989, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Experimental Manipulation of Pollen Protoplasts Sperms and Generative Cells

Zhou Chang and Yang Hong-yuan   

Abstract: This review deals with the up-to-date advances in manipulation of male sexual cells, i.e. pollen protoplasts, sperms, and generative cells of flowering plants, including the isolation, purification, culture and/or fusion, as well as cell-biological studies of these haploid protoplasts or cells. These experimental approaches show fascinating prospects for both genetic engineering and fundamental researches on plant reproductive cells.

Key words: Pollen protoplast, Sperm, Generative cell, Cell engineering, Plant reproductive biology

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