J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2023, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 100-116.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13373

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

ARK2 stabilizes the plus-end of microtubules and promotes microtubule bundling in Arabidopsis

Miao Lan, Xianan Liu, Erfang Kang, Ying Fu, Lei Zhu*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Biological Sciences China Agricultural University Beijing 100193 China
    *Correspondence: Lei Zhu (zhulei3369@cau.edu.cn)
  • Received:2022-07-16 Accepted:2022-09-26 Online:2022-09-28 Published:2023-01-01

Abstract: Microtubule dynamics and organization are important for plant cell morphogenesis and development. The microtubule-based motor protein kinesins are mainly responsible for the transport of some organelles and vesicles, although several have also been shown to regulate microtubule organization. The ARMADILLO REPEAT KINESIN (ARK) family is a plant-specific motor protein subfamily that consists of three members (ARK1, ARK2, and ARK3) in Arabidopsis thaliana. ARK2 has been shown to participate in root epidermal cell morphogenesis. However, whether and how ARK2 associates with microtubules needs further elucidation. Here, we demonstrated that ARK2 co-localizes with microtubules and facilitates microtubule bundling in vitro and in vivo. Pharmacological assays and microtubule dynamics analyses indicated that ARK2 stabilizes cortical microtubules. Live-cell imaging revealed that ARK2 moves along cortical microtubules in a processive mode and localizes both at the plus-end and the sidewall of microtubules. ARK2 therefore tracks and stabilizes the growing plus-ends of microtubules, which facilitates the formation of parallel microtubule bundles.

Key words: Arabidopsis, kinesin, microtubule bundle, microtubule dynamic

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