J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2005, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (10): 1211-1219.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00152.x

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Possible Involvement of Anti-Oxidant Enzymes in the Cross-Tolerance of the Germination/Growth of Wheat Seeds to Salinity and Heat Stress

Yan-Bao LEI, Song-Quan SONG and Jia-Rui FU   

Abstract: The germination/growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Zimai 1) seeds and changes in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and catalase (CAT), as well as in the content of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), in response to salt and heat stress, as well as cross-stress, were investigated in the present study. With increasing temperature and decreasing water potential caused by NaCl solution, the germination percentage of seeds and the fresh weight of seedlings decreased markedly, SOD activity increased, activities of APX and CAT decreased distinctly, and the TBARS content increased gradually. Seeds pretreated at 33 °C for different times displayed increased tolerance to subsequent salt stress, enhanced SOD, APX, and CAT activities, and decreased TBARS content. Seeds pretreated at –0.8 MPa NaCl for different times displayed increased tolerance to subsequent heat stress and marked increases in SOD, APX, and CAT activities, which were associated with decreased TBARS content. It is considered that the common component in the cross-tolerance of the germination and growth of wheat seeds to salinity and heat stress is the anti-oxidant enzyme system.

Key words: anti-oxidant enzymes, cross tolerance, germination, growth, heat stress, salinity stress, Triticum aestivum seeds.

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