J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (9): 1370-1377.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00490.x

Special Issue: Plant Signal Transduction

• Signal Transduction • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The COI1 and DFR Genes are Essential for Regulation of Jasmonate-Induced Anthocyanin Accumulation in Arabidopsis

Qin-Fang Chen, Liang-Ying Dai , Shi Xiao, Yun-Sheng Wang, Xiong-Lun Liu and Guo-Liang Wang   


Jasmonates (JAs) are a class of plant hormones that play important roles in the regulation of plant development and plant defense. It has been shown that Arabidopsis plants produce much higher levels of anthocyanins when treated exogenously with methyl jasmonate (MeJA). However, a molecular link between the JA response and anthocyanin production has not been determined. The CORONATINE INSENTITIVE1 (COI1) gene is a key player in the regulation of many JA-related responses. In the present study, we demonstrate that the COI1 gene is also required for the JA-induced accumulation of anthocyanins in Arabidopsis. Furthermore, the MeJA-inducible expression of DIHYDROFLAVONOL REDUCTASE (DFR), an essential component in the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway, was completely eliminated in the coi1 mutant. Jasmonateinduced anthocyanin accumulation was found to be independent of auxin signaling. The present results indicate that the expression of both COI1 and DFR genes is required for the regulation of JA-induced anthocyanin accumulation and that DFR may be a key downstream regulator for this process.

Key words: anthocyanin, Arabidopsis, COI1, DFR, jasmonates.

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