J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (4): 364-372.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12136

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Cloning and characterization of a potato StAN11 gene involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis regulation

Wang Li, Bing Wang, Man Wang, Min Chen, Jing-Ming Yin, Ghullam Murtaza Kaleri, Rui-Jie Zhang, Tie-Niu Zuo, Xiong You and Qing Yang*   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China
  • Received:2013-08-25 Accepted:2013-11-25 Published:2013-12-04
  • About author:These authors contributed equally to this work.
    *Correspondence: E-mail: qyang19@njau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Anthocyanins are a class of products of plant secondary metabolism and are responsible for tubers color in potato. The biosynthesis of anthocyanins is a complex biological process, in which multiple genes are involved including structural genes and regulatory genes. In this study, StAN11, a WD40-repeat gene, was cloned from potato cultivar Chieftain (Solanum tuberosum L.). StAN11 (HQ599506) contained no intron and its open reading frame (ORF) was 1,029 bp long, encoding a putative protein of 342 amino acids. In order to verify its role in anthocyanin biosynthesis, StAN11 was inserted behind the CaMV-35S promoter of pCMBIA1304 and the recombination vector was introduced into the potato cultivar Désirée plants by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The color of transgenic tuber skin was significantly deepened, compared to the wild-type control, which was highly consistent with the accumulation of anthocyanin and expression of StAN11 in transgenic lines tuber skin. Further analysis on the expression of Flavonone-3-hydroxylase (F3H), Dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), Anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), and Flavonoid 3-O-glucosyl transferase (3GT) in transgenic plants revealed that only DFR was upregulated. This result suggested that StAN11 regulated anthocyanin biosynthesis in potato by controlling DFR expression and accumulation of anthocyanin could be increased through overexpression of StAN11 in the tubers with the genetic background of anthocyanin biosynthesis.

Li W, Wang B, Wang M, Chen M, Yin JM, Kaleri GM, Zhang RJ, Zuo TN, You X, Yang Q (2014) Cloning and characterization of a potato StAN11 gene involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis regulation. J Integr Plant Biol 56: 364–372. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12136

Key words: Anthocyanin biosynthesis, cloning genetic transformation, potato, StAN11

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