J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (6): 953-960.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00508.x

• New Technology • Previous Articles    

Identification of Chromosomes from Multiple Rice Genomes Using a Universal Molecular Cytogenetic Marker System

Xiaomin Tang, Weidong Bao, Wenli Zhang and Zhukuan Cheng   

  • Published:2007-06-05

Abstract:

To develop reliable techniques for chromosome identification is critical for cytogenetic research, especially for genomes with a large number and smaller-sized chromosomes. An efficient approach using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones as molecular cytological markers has been developed for many organisms. Herein, we present a set of chromosomal arm-specific molecular cytological markers derived from the gene-enriched regions of the sequenced rice genome. All these markers are able to generate very strong signals on the pachytene chromosomes of Oryza sativa L. (AA genome) when used as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes. We further probed those markers to the pachytene chromosomes of O. punctata (BB genome) and O. officinalis (CC genome) and also got very strong signals on the relevant pachytene chromosomes. The signal position of each marker on the related chromosomes from the three different rice genomes was pretty much stable, which enabled us to identify different chromosomes among various rice genomes. We also constructed the karyotype for both O. punctata and O. officinalis with the BB and CC genomes, respectively, by analysis of 10 pachytene cells anchored by these chromosomal arm-specific markers.

Key words: molecular cytologenetic marker, pachytene chromosome, rice.

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