J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2001, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 1154-1160.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Phosphorus Deficiency Stress on Rice Lateral Root Growth and Nutrient Absorption

LI Hai-Bo, XIA Ming and WU Ping   

Abstract:

Six rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes with different performances under phosphorus (P) deficiency stress were tested in mixed growth medium of vermiculite and sand under different conditions of P supply to evaluate the effects of P deficiency stress on lateral root growth and the relations between lateral root growth induced by P deficiency and P absorption. The results showed that elongation and development of lateral root were induced by P deficiency. There was significant genotypic variation in lateral root growth in response to P deficiency. A significant positive correlation was observed between the increase of lateral root length per cm of nodal root and the increase of root surface area per cm of nodal root (RSAP), while no significant correlation was observed between the increase of lateral root number per cm of nodal root and the increase of RSAP. The result suggested that the increase of root surface area under P deficiency condition could be mainly attributable to the increase of lateral root length induced. P uptake was significantly positively correlated with the total root surface area and positively correlated with the total lateral root length and the total lateral root number under P deficiency, which implied that elongation and development of lateral root were important to the ability of P uptake from growth medium where P supply was poor. Analysis of soluble sugar content indicated that P deficiency stress changed the distribution of carbohydrate between roots and shoots.

低磷胁迫对水稻苗期侧根生长及养分吸收的影响
李海波 夏铭 吴平*

(浙江大学生命科学学院,杭州310029)

摘要:用蛭石与石英砂作为混合培养介质研究了低磷胁迫对水稻(Oryza sativ a L.)苗期侧根发生发育的影响及其与磷吸收的相关关系.结果表明:低磷对水稻的侧根发生发育具有明显的诱导作用及基因型差异.相关性分析表明: 单位侧根长度的增加与单位根表面积的增大极显著相关,而单位侧根数量的增多与单位根表面积的增大无显著的相关性.表明单位根表面积的增加主要来自于单位侧根的伸长.侧根参数与磷含量的相关性分析表明:低磷条件下,侧根总长度和侧根数量都与植株磷含量存在显著的正相关,根系总表面积与磷含量存在极显著的正相关.表明在低磷条件下,侧根的发生发育对水稻的磷吸收具有重要的作用.根系和地上部的可溶性糖含量分析表明:低磷胁迫改变了同化物在地上部和根系的分配.生物量测定表明:低磷胁迫显著增大了植株的根冠比.

关键词: 水稻;低磷胁迫;侧根发生发育;磷吸收

Key words: rice, phosphorus deficiency stress, lateral root, phosphorus absorption

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