J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2004, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (9): 1015-1024.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Heterogeneity of Population Structure of the Mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza at Yingluo Bay, South-China Coast

LIANG Shi-Chu, DONG Ming   


The spatial heterogeneity, including distribution pattern, tree perimeter and height differentiation, and canopy structure heterogeneity, of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk populations at Yingluo Bay, South-China Coast was investigated using the positioning index (CE), differentiation index (TC and TH), Shannon-Wiener diversity index (D), and Ripley’s K -functions. Most populations showed random distribution and low differentiation in perimeters and heights of individuals, while a few showed clumped distribution and clear differentiation. Canopy and gap patches were analyzed at multiple horizontal and vertical scales using geographic information system (GIS). The mosaic patterns of canopy and gap patches are different among populations, and could be quantitatively described with the Shannon-Wiener diversity index based on crown projection. The spatial heterogeneity of the canopy structure changed with spatial scales, but this kind of change would remain relatively stable over a range of scales. This scale range could be regarded as the referenced scale for a regeneration or ecological management unit for the forest.

Key words: mangrove, population structure, spatial heterogeneity, canopy projection, scale

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