J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2012, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (12): 953-966.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2012.01171.x

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Effort and Contribution of T-DNA Insertion Mutant Library for Rice Functional Genomics Research in China: Review and Perspective

Yuxiao Chang1, Tuan Long1 and Changyin Wu2*   

  1. 1The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    2National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2012-07-09 Accepted:2012-09-18 Published:2012-11-29
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel: +86 27 87281887; Fax: +86 27 87287092; E-mail: cywu@mail.hzau.edu.cn

Abstract:

With the completion of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genome-sequencing project, the rice research community proposed to characterize the function of every predicted gene in rice by 2020. One of the most effective and high-throughput strategies for studying gene function is to employ genetic mutations induced by insertion elements such as T-DNA or transposons. Since 1999, with support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China for Rice Functional Genomics Programs, large-scale T-DNA insertion mutant populations have been generated in Huazhong Agricultural University, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Currently, a total of 372,346 mutant lines have been generated, and 58,226 T-DNA or Tos17 flanking sequence tags have been isolated. Using these mutant resources, more than 40 genes with potential applications in rice breeding have already been identified. These include genes involved in biotic or abiotic stress responses, nutrient metabolism, pollen development, and plant architecture. The functional analysis of these genes will not only deepen our understanding of the fundamental biological questions in rice, but will also offer valuable gene resources for developing Green Super Rice that is high-yielding with few inputs even under the poor growth conditions of many regions of Africa and Asia.

Chang Y, Long T, Wu C (2012) Effort and contribution of T-DNA insertion mutant library for rice functional genomics research in china: A decade review and perspective. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 54(12), 953–966.

Key words: T-DNA insertion mutant library, functional genomics, flanking sequence, rice

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