J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (9): 825-833.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00853.x

Special Issue: Rice Genomics and Agriculture Abiotic Stresses

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The OsDHODH1 Gene is Involved in Salt and Drought Tolerance in Rice

Wen-Ying Liu, Mei-Mei Wang, Ji Huang*, Hai-Juan Tang, Hong-Xia Lan and Hong-Sheng Zhang*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China )
    These authors contributed equally to this work.


In the present paper, we identified and cloned OsDHODH1 encoding a putative cytosolic dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) in rice. Expression analysis indicated that OsDHODH1 is upregulated by salt, drought and exogenous abscisic acid (ABA), but not by cold. By prokaryotic expression, we determined the enzymatic activity of OsDHODH1 and found that overproduction of OsDHODH1 significantly improved the tolerance of Escherichia coli cells to salt and osmotic stresses. Overexpression of the OsDHODH1 gene in rice increased the DHODH activity and enhanced plant tolerance to salt and drought stresses as compared with wild type and OsDHODH1-antisense transgenic plants. Our findings reveal, for the first time, that cytosolic dihydroorotate dehydrogenase is involved in plant stress response and that OsDHODH1 could be used in engineering crop plants with enhanced tolerance to salt and drought. 

Liu WY, Wang MM, Huang J, Tang HJ, Lan HX, Zhang HS (2009). The OsDHODH1 gene is involved in salt and drought tolerance in rice. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 51(9), 825–833.

Key words: abiotic stress, dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, rice, transgene.

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