J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1993, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): -.

• Research Articles •    

Influence of Microgravity on Cellular Differentiation of Root Apical Meristematic Cap in Rice Seedling

Wu Dun-su, Chen Yi-xin and Guo Yi-song   

Abstract: Three groups of experimental treatment of rice seeds were designed: (1) As control,the seeds were germinated(1–3 days after imbibition) and sprouted (4–7 days after imbibition) at static state, (2) Seeds were germinated under microgravity simulated by the horizontal clinostat,and (3) Seeds were germinated at the static state and sprouted under microgravity. The differentiation of the apical meristematic cap of the seedling was observed. 1. Germination and sprouting in the static state (CK), the root apical meristematic cap cells could differentiate into statocysts which could sense the least irritation of the gravity. The amyloplasts of statocysts deposited in the distal region,later changed into secretory cells ,and finally resulted in exocytosis which led the root tip cells to fall off during the cap growth. 2. The rice seedlings germinating and sprouting under microgravity,the apical meristematic cap cells differentiated into statocysts but the amyloplasts in the statocyst were distributed throughout the cell and a central vacuole was formed. The statocysts could form nonsecretory cells similar to the cells in the dividing and elongating area without exocytosis. The number of the root cap cell layers increased and root cap elongated. 3. The rice seedlings germinating in the static state and sprouting under micro-gravity,the amyloplasts of the statocyst were scattered in the cell. The statocysts became vacuolized quickly but remaind on the root cap.

Key words: Microgravity , Horizontal clinostat , Statocyst , Amyloplast , Rice , Differentiation of root apical meristematic cap

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