J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1993, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): -.

• Research Articles •    

Seasonal Changes of Polyamine Concentrations and Arginine Decarboxylase Activities in Leaves of 4 Ecotyes of Reeds

Wang Hong-liang,Zhang Cheng-lie and Chen Guo-cang   

Abstract: The seasonal changes of polyamine concentrations and arginine decarboxylase (ADC, EC 4.1.1. 1. 9)activities were investigated in the leaves of 4 ecotypes of reeds (Phragamites comrnunis Trinius)distributed over Hexi Corridor of Gansu province. The leaves of all ecotypes of reeds contained the same kind of polyamines and showed the same trend of decrement in total amuonts of potyamines with change of seasons. From May to September, the reeds which grow in arid and saline habitat maintained higher level of spermidine (Spd)and spermine (Spm)with no accumulation of putrescine (Put), resulting in low ratios of Put to other polyamine (Spd and Spm), whereas opposite results were observed in swamp reeds. These results indicate that the adaption of reeds to drought and salt stresses may correlate with Put synthesis via ADC pathway and the quick transformation of Put into Spd and Spm.

Key words: Reeds, Eeotype, Salt stress, Drought stress, Polyamine, Arginine decrxylase

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