J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 1-8.

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

Developmental Regulation and Biological Functions of Root Border Cells in Higher Plants

PAN Jian-Wei, ZHU Mu-Yuan, PENG Hua-Zheng and WANG Li-Lin   


Root border cells, previously referred to as sloughed root cap cells, is a special cell population which separates in large numbers from the periphery of the root cap and accumulates in the root tip. Recent evidence reveals that border cells, whose development is regulated by endogenous and exogenous signals, are biologically viable in the majority of higher plant species. As soon as border cells detach from root cap periphery, their metabolic activity dramatically increases in accordance with a differential gene expression from that in root cap cells. Recently, PsUGT1 and RCPME1, relevant to the early and late stage of border cell development, respectively, have been cloned and functionally identified. Border cells can synthesize specially and export a diverse array of chemicals including anthocyanins, antibiotics, special enzymes and other substances, that either inhibit or promote the growth of other entities in rhizosphere such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes, and also antagonize some toxic chemicals around the root tip in soil such as aluminum toxicity. Therefore, there are multiple biological roles played by border cells during plant growth and development.


潘建伟  朱睦元*  彭华正  王利琳

(浙江大学生命科学学院,杭州 310012)


关键词 边缘细胞 发育 功能 植物 胁迫



Key words: border cells, development, function, plant, stress

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